Social movements exist, because a group of people organize around issues they feel need emphasized and/or rectified. In most cases, movements aim to educate the population about injustices and to acquire the rights and respect that they deserve. In Argentina, a group of transgendered individuals have started to organize again to pursue justice for their community. Throughout history, continuous political upheavals have caused many social groups to go underground in fear of persecution. As they started to reappear, the authorities have ignored transgendered social movements because they do not have “the common good as a goal” (Cabral 268). Despite the fact that they are regularly ignored by officials, nearly 30 groups have sprung up since the early 1990s. These organizations are limited in size and led by a small number of people, but they mostly concentrate on improving the social conditions of the transgender community – such as poverty and unemployment. These groups include: Association for the Struggle for Travesti and Transsexual Identity; Future Transgenerico; Association for Travestis, Transsexuals, and Transgenders in Argentina; and Asociación Gondolin. These activist groups receive much help financially from foreign organizations, and in many cases, they frame their work through the international human rights discourse (Brown).
One of the leading activists in Argentina is Lohanna Berkins. Lohanna is the creator and founder of the Association for the Struggle for Travesti and Transsexual Identity (Asociación Lucha por la identidad Travesti y Transexual). And this organization was the first to be officially recognized by the state. She is the first trans-woman to obtain a job outside of the sex industry in Argentina, and she aims to help others achieve the same fate. The ALITT is a volunteer-based organization that concentrates on educating the public through social media. She has received grants that allow her to purchase technology to record, edit, and publish forms of media for television and radio programs. She also offers a variety of self-esteem workshops for the trans community, as well as programs and benefits to fight poverty and discrimination against the trans community, especially in Buenos Aires (“Asociación Lucha por la identidad Travesti y Transexual”).
Now that the country has reached a relatively stable political state, various organizations have started to work together to achieve a variety of goals. Perhaps the most important social action organization that continues to exist in Argentina is Las Madres de la Plaza de Mayo. Las Madres began in 1977 during the Dirty War of Argentina when they fought against a violent regime in order to end the systematic destruction of an entire generation of students. Many transgender movements have allied with Las Madres in order to concentrate on achieving civil rights for the transgender community, as opposed to dismantling the strict sexual hierarchy in Latin America. Although they recognize that the hierarchy may be the root cause of injustice, they believe that protecting the rights and safety of gender variant individuals should be the priority at this time.